Guimarães, Portugal is the ‘cradle of the Portuguese nationality’.The battle that gave birth to the country of Portugal occurred near Guimarães, and it is believed that the country’s first King, Afonso Henriques, was born there.The historic town center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site as it is an exceptionally well-preserved and authentic example of the evolution of a medieval settlement into a modern town in Europe. Walking at the historic center gives a glimpse of what a medieval city looks like.
No fee is required for a walk at the medieval city of Guimarães, but one does need to get a hold of transportation to get there. From Porto, the nearest big city, one can take the bus, metro, or train. There are also guided day trips from Porto to Guimarães.